This course focuses on knowing and recognizing the basic biology, identification, classification, impact, and management of insects that represent human health hazards. To date, mosquitoes are the most dangerous animals worldwide, with more deaths caused by mosquito-vectored diseases than from the attack of any wild animal. In the past, several methods have been used to control these insects' outbreaks, especially pesticide-based, which in turn aggravated the problem because of insecticide resistance. The tropics have been particularly affected by insects with human health impacts. For this reason, several private and public initiatives focus on developing ways to palliate these insects. This course will cover basic and applied aspects of Medical Entomology, with an especial focus on the tropics' ecological and socioeconomic conditions. This course will be based on field trips, talks, the study of multimedia, literature, visits, and practical contact with people working on these subjects. Therefore, this course aims at any student interested in human health, biology, economics, sustainability, and anthropology.